SMERU’s simulation results show that the 2020 poverty rate will reach 12.4% (an increase of 3.2% from the poverty rate in September 2019). This means that there will be an addition of 8.5 million poor people.
COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia has resulted in a socioeconomic crisis impacting all levels of society, especially the 40% group of people with the lowest welfare level. To deal with the crisis, the government has implemented social safety net (JPS) programs which include, among other programs, the direct cash transfer. An important question would be how effective the implementation of various programs are carried out by the government, both at national and regional levels.
After successfully conducting the first training on poverty reduction policy analysis at the end of 2019, The SMERU Research Institute held a similar event in Makassar, Province of South Sulawesi, on 11–13 February 2020.
Collaborating with the Provincial Government of South Sulawesi, Hasanuddin University, and Knowledge Sector Initiative, SMERU invited government employees and staff of relevant institutions from eastern Indonesia to join the training. Due to seat limitation, only 25 people were selected as training participants.
The Province of South Sulawesi ranked 15th of all the provinces in Indonesia in the Inclusive Economic Development Index (IEDI). The achievement was possible through the high growth of real gross regional domestic product (GRDP) per capita, low poverty rates, and expansion of access and opportunities. Some homework for the provincial government includes low share of manufacturing to GRDP, low percentage of workers working >35 hours per week, and high rates of inequality.
Issues on poverty are strategic issues that require immediate attention from all stakeholders in terms of policy formulation. The SMERU Research Institute, as a leader in socioeconomic research in Indonesia, supports the discourse on inclusive public and private sector policies through the analysis of poverty reduction policies and their impacts.
Since its establishment in 2001, SMERU has been a leader in socioeconomic research in Indonesia. SMERU conducts qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-method studies on various socioeconomic issues. In addition, SMERU supports inclusive public and private sector policy discourses through development policy analysis and its potential impact.
Widjajanti Isdijoso, Deputy Director of the SMERU Research Institute for Research and Outreach, spoke at the International Conference on "Linking Social Protection to Sustainable Livelihoods: A Way Forward for Indonesia" organized by Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas, DFAT Australia, and MAHKOTA.