Universal Access to Education in Indonesia: Making Disadvantaged Children Count

Coordinator:
Team Member: Niken Kusumawardhani, Fauzan Kemal Musthofa, Akhmadi , Dyan Widyaningsih, Hening Wikan, Sylvia Andriyani Kusumandari
Completion Year:
2020
Area:
Sumatera Utara, Banten, Jawa Tengah, Sulawesi Barat
Topic:
Children & Youth, Education, Social Protection

Collaborating Partners

Project Donor/Funder: UNICEF Indonesia

 
 

Description & Progress

Background

The government has been implementing several strategies to ensure wider access to education, especially for the poor and disadvanted groups. One of those programs is the Smart Indonesia Program/Program Indonesia Pintar (PIP), that was launched in 2014 from the refinement of Scholarship for the Poor/Bantuan Siswa Miskin (BSM).

However, despite the rapid growth of the program, the implementation of PIP is still facing several challenges related to the institutional aspect of the governance and the benefit or result.

This situatioin indicates the need to improve the institutional arrangement of PIP implementation, including planning, targeting, costing and distribution mechanism, as well as the perception towards the program utilization and outreach. Therefore, the SMERU Research Institute proposes in-depth and comprehensive research on how effective is the PIP implementation in improving access to education and addressing out of school children (OOSC) issues, especially among children from disadvantaged families.

 

Objective

The main purpose of this study is to review the effectiveness of PIP in improving access to education and addressing OOSC issues, especially among children from disadvantaged families. This study, specifically, aims to:

  • Identify issues and challenges that hampered current PIP implementation: including planning, data collection, institutional arrangement, costing, and distribution process and mechanism, as well as the utilization by its beneficiaries
  • Identify strategies to improve the efficiency and efficacy of PIP implementation that was launched in 2014 from the refinement of Scholarship for the Poor/Bantuan Siswa Miskin (BSM).

 

Methodology

The design of this study is a mixed-method research, encompassing both qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis. This approach enables the research team to identify the issues and challenges of the current implementation of the PIP and provide strategies for strengthening the effectiveness and implementation of the PIP program.

The quantitative method will be used to analyze secondary data from National socio-economic survey (Susenas) 2017-2019, Village potential census (Podes) 2018, and data from district-level Department of Education (Dispendik) from the academic year of 2017-2018 until 2019-2020, which capture information with regards to the profile of the PIP beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries as well as supporting infrastructure.

The qualitative method will be used to get a deep understanding about PIP implementation in ensuring the fulfillment of the right to education service for children from disadvantaged families and in addressing the issue of OOSC through an in-depth interview and focus group discussion.


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