Midline study of Access to Services and Livelihood of Poor Women

Team Member: Dyan Widyaningsih, Stella Aleida Hutagalung, Veto Tyas Indrio, Ahmad Zuhdi Dwi Kusuma, Elza Elmira, Budiani , Ana Rosidha Tamyis
Completion Year:
Sumatera Utara, Jawa Tengah, Kalimantan Barat, Sulawesi Selatan, Nusa Tenggara Timur

Description & Progress


For the last few decades, various efforts to increase gender equality and to boost women’s empowerment had been taken concurrently by the Government of Indonesia and also by different institutions such as the NGOs. MAMPU was one of the programs that focused on interventions among poor women and women’s organizations working in the areas of poor women’s rights.

In an attempt to understand the situation and changes in poor women’s access to public services, a longitudinal research is essential as the improvement of poor women’s access to services is a long-term process (Krantz, 2001). MAMPU’s efforts to achieve its long term goal is documented in a form of six-years longitudinal research that spans over 2014-2020.

Longitudinal research serves the purpose of documenting the development or changes in poor women’s access to public services as same subjects are tracked down over six years period of time. This midline study is a part of that six-year longitudinal study which aims to document the changes on the lives of poor women since the baseline study, particularly on their access to basic services.  


Research Purpose

Midline study serves as a bridge between the baseline and endline study in assessing the overall changes of poor women’s access to basic services. As the changes of poor women’s access to basic services occurs gradually, this study may provide important information to identify areas where actual changes have been made and other areas where rooms for improvement are still wide open.

In general, the main purpose of this midline study is to obtain an assessment on the changes of poor women’s acces to basic services since the 2014 baseline study. 

Specifically, this study aims to answer following research questions:

  1. How do poor women’s access to public services change during the last three years (2014-2017)?
  2. Who are the actors behind the observed changes of poor women’s access to public services?
  3. What are the contribution of each actor to the observed changes of poor women’s access to public services?
  4. How does the contribution of each actor link to the observed changes of poor women's access to public services?



This study applies quantitative and qualitative methods. Both the quantitative and qualitative analysis will capture changes experienced by poor women in terms of access to public services during the last three years and what factors cause the observed changes.

The quantitative methodology will use questionnaire which covers questions for individuals and families as in baseline study. This midline study will add some modules on the questionnaire, especially on nutrition and toddler’s physical health to adapt with the changes of MAMPU’s work theme from maternal and reproduction health into maternal health and nutrition. 

In addition, the qualitative analysis will understand the significance of partners’ contribution to the changes. Qualitative analysis leads the main role in providing the answer of the link between each actor’s contribution to the observed changes of poor women's access to public services during the past three years. The qualitative methodology will use focus group discussion (FGD), group interview (GI), in-depth interview, contribution story, and observation to collect qualitative information. All information will be documented in the forms of field notes and narratives. 



Data collection for both methods will be conducted concurrently, while data analysis for quantitative and qualitative data be analyzed separately before conclusion is drawn upon findings based on both types of data. Data analysis for quantitative data will mainly use descriptive statistics with main emphasis on the comparison of midline and baseline data. Qualitative data will be analysed using contribution analysis approach, an approach widely used to explore the causes and effect of observed results in qualitative studies.



The research team has conducted field survey in the period October - November 2017. Currently the team is processing the data to be completed in February 2018.

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