Baseline Study on Child Labor in Areas Where Tobacco is Grown in Indonesia

Team Member: Ulfah Alifia, Rezanti Putri Pramana, Akhmad Ramadhan Fatah
Completion Year:
Jawa Timur, Nusa Tenggara Barat
Children & Youth, Labor, Migration & Informal Sector, Rural Development & Agriculture

Collaborating Partners

Project Donor/Funder:
Eliminating Child Labour in Tobacco Growing (ECLT) Foundation


Description & Progress


This baseline study will provide information on the initial conditions for the subsequent implementation of a child labor intervention program focusing on, including but not limited to: 1) prevention of 5-17 years old from child labor in areas where tobacco is grown; 2) raising awareness and understanding of child labor; 3) improving the livelihoods of farmers and families; and 4) training of farmers and farm workers in good agricultural labor practices.

Some of the aims of the intervention program include: strengthen coordination between PAACLA members, provide social support at the community level in tackling the issue of child labor, provide national support to relevant stakeholders to resolve the issue of child labor, and to prevent more child laborers to be recruited by implementing the “Child-Friendly Village” program.



The purpose of the baseline study is to establish the initial conditions and profiles of children (aged 5-17 years old) and households prior to the ECLT intervention program in selected villages in tobacco growing areas of East Java and West Nusa Tenggara.

Specific aims of this study include:

  1. To collect high quality data on the prevalence of child labor in the selected tobacco growing areas, main characteristics of working children (5-17), and their households
  2. To obtain information to support the analysis of occupational health and safety issues and consequences for children working as laborers. These information will be collected in different types of tobacco and other crops grown by farmers,
  3. To construct tobacco child labor and overall child labor measures that are consistent with ILO measurement criteria and Indonesia’s laws and regulations on child labor. We will provide clear documentation on steps to construct the measure’s variables as well as calculation necessary used to construct rates of child labor.
  4. To provide ECLT with comprehensive information on a set of indicators1 on child labor in tobacco growing to guide how to best plan interventions in key focus areas.
  5. To provide key selection criteria for recruitment of prospective project beneficiaries for future ECLT intervention programs.
  6. To identify the component of intervention’s Theory of Change for future evaluation



This study will employ household survey and qualitative interview on study participants. The household survey will specifically focus on forms of child labor in tobacco growing areas whereas the qualitative interview aims to gain initial information regarding the design and planned implementation of child labour project intervention as well as developing the intervention's Theory of Change.

Share it